Endodontics

(PULP And Root Canal Treatments)

Why may root canal treatment be required?

In some situations, the nerve of the tooth has been infected, starts dying or is non-vital.

This may or may not demonstrate as pain depending on the onset of infection.

Reasons which can lead to a non-vital nerve:

  • Decay reaching the nerve pulp
  • Deep fillings in a tooth
  • Fractured or cracked tooth
  • Mechanical or thermal trauma to a tooth

The purpose of root canal therapy is to save the tooth, prevent further spread of abscesses and minimise re-infection.

Steps to treat the pulp and root canal of a tooth

Initial Tooth Management

The nerve system of the tooth is managed by partial or thorough removal of the infected pulp and debris. An antibiotic medicament is used in the canal to help reduce bacterial inflammation occurrence. The symptoms generally subside following treatment. However, it is important to continue with the treatment to avoid relapse of infection into the tooth.

Stage 1
Root Canal Instrumentation

This procedure is to further cleanse and shape the canals. Endodontic medicaments are used to irrigate the debris and create a sterile setting to receive the endodontic filling.

Stage 2
Root Canal Obturation

This is the final stage in the completion of root treatment which involves sealing the canals with endodontic filling material.

Variations in Financial Costs

Procedures and costs of pulp and root canal treatments depend on the tooth position and canal structures. Some teeth may require multiple canals to be restored or involve other endodontic services prior to final fillings of the canals.

Typically a permanent filling is performed to restore the tooth and at interim visits a temporised restoration is placed. Once all the root canal procedures are completed, the tooth is then prepared for fitting to receive a crown.

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